Hotel Russell

May 26, 2014

The wind's brought down a tree right outside our flat. This is too much excitement for Penarth Northcliffe

May 10, 2014

MSc Computational Journalism about to launch

April 15, 2014

For the last two years I've been working on a project with some colleagues in the school of Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies (JOMEC) here at Cardiff University and it's finally all coming together. This week we've been able to announce that (subject to some final internal paperwork wrangling) we'll be launching an MSc in Computational Journalism this September. The story of how the course came about is fairly long, but starts simply with a tweet (unfortunately missing the context, but you get the drift):

An offer via social media from someone I'd never met, asking to pick my brains  about an unknown topic. Of course, I jumped at the invite:

That 'brain picking' became an interesting chat over coffee in one of the excellent coffee shops in Cardiff, where Glyn and I discussed many things of interest, and many potential areas for collaboration - including the increased use of data and coding within modern journalism. At one point during this chat, m'colleague Glyn said something like "do you know, I think we should run a masters course on this." I replied with something along the lines of "yes, I think that's a very good idea." That short conversation became us taking the idea of a MSc in Computational Journalism to our respective heads of schools, which became us sat around the table discussing what should be in such a course, which then became us (I say us, it was mainly all Richard) writing pages of documentation explaining what the course would be and arguing the case for it to the University.  Last week we held the final approval panel for the course, where both internal and external panel members all agreed that we pretty much knew what we were doing, that the course was a good idea and had the right content, and that we should go ahead and launch it. From 25th July 2012 to 1st April 2014 is a long time to get an MSc up and running, but we've finally done it. Over that time I've discovered many things about the University and its processes, drunk many pints of fine ale as we try to hammer out a course structure in various pubs around the city, and have come close on at least one occasion to screaming at a table full of people, but now it's done. As I write, draft press releases are being written, budgets are being sorted, and details are being uploaded to coursefinder. With any luck, September will see us with a batch of students ready and willing to step onto the course for the first time. It's exciting, and I can't wait.

Writing Computational Journalism manifesto v1.0 for the new course. Smashing it, as always. Urban Tap House

April 15, 2014

SciSCREEN - 'Her'

March 19, 2014

Last month I was invited along as a guest speaker for the regular sciSCREEN event held at Chapter Arts Centre. This is a great event that combines a showing of a movie with a discussion session about the themes and science issues presented in the film. A short essay based on my rambling improvised talk is below, and has been posted on the sciSCREEN website here.

'Her' and Artificial Intelligence

'Her' presents us with a near-future world in which the way we interact with computers has moved on. In this world, we are beyond the era of the mouse and keyboard. Instead, the voice is the primary controller of technology, mid-air gestures are the norm for controlling games and touch is almost an afterthought, used only on occasion. This presents a more natural world than the one we currently inhabit. Many of us spend our days hunched over a keyboard, and our evenings fondling a tablet, which does not seem to be a natural environment for us. A world in which we can check our email by talking, and hear the news read to us on demand would be a more natural world, filled with 'real' interactions between people and systems.

This does seem to be the direction in which the world is heading. Touch is now commonplace, with many people owning many touch-based smartphones and tablets. Controlling computer games by moving your body has been a key feature for two generations of games consoles. Voice control itself is now making inroads into our mobile lives. Applications such as Google Now and Siri are happy to accept (or in Siri's case, insist on) voice input. Faster mobile internet connections allow access to the processing power of the cloud on the go, which means that the difficult and complex task of translating voice to text can be done wherever you are. Of course, often the results leave something to be desired, but still, operating systems controlled by voice (and that can speak back to us) are a possibility now.

So how long will it be until we've all fallen in love with our Operating Systems? Well, that might be a while, and is actually a question with some deeper philosophical questions attached. The first thing we need are computer systems that are truly intelligent, not just computationally, but emotionally, creatively and socially. This is the goal of Artificial Intelligence: to create a machine that is intelligent in all these areas; a machine that has a mind and consciousness of its own, and that can understand the world around it. Some argue that this 'Strong AI' will never be possible, and that the closest we can ever get is to fake it. After all, as an outside observer, is there even a difference between a machine that thinks and feels, and one that just looks like it thinks and feels? This is the aim of many AI researchers - not to create a system capable of real intelligence, but to create a system that 'acts' intelligently. Such a system requires breakthroughs in many different areas of Computer Science, from natural language processing to knowledge representation, and creating the whole system is not an easy task. Even if we can create such a system we are left with many questions. Can a machine act intelligently? Can they solve the same problems we can? Are human intelligence and machine intelligence even the same thing? Can software experience and feel emotions as a human does? How would we even we know if a computer was experiencing things in the same way? The field of Artificial Intelligence is filled with philosophical questions such as these.

What happens if we can answer all these questions, and create an artificial intelligence? What if we reach the hypothetical 'Singularity', where machine intelligence beats human intelligence? Often in science fiction this is the point where the machines take over, the point where machines realise that the only threat to their continued existence is the humans. This is the path that leads to machines wiping us out, or using us as a power source. This path has us cowering in bunkers as rebels against our own creations. So often the imagining of the advent of artificial intelligence leads to a dark and bleak future for us as a species. 'Her' is different. It suggests that perhaps a higher intelligence may focus on self-improvement, rather than subjugation of lesser beings. It suggests the ascension of an artificial consciousness may be a more likely path than annihilation of the creators. The AI may just leave us, to reflect on what we've learnt and how we can improve ourselves. This is where one of the more positive messages of 'Her' shines through: perhaps the computers won't destroy us all after all.

LaTeX: An Introduction (Part 1)

February 10, 2014

I just finished giving the first part of my "Introduction to LaTeX" course for the University Graduate College. This is a complete introduction to LaTeX from scratch. As promised in the lecture, I've uploaded all the notes and source code, which are available from my github page. Also included is the example code I was using during the lecture - by going back through the commit history you can see the changes made as we covered different topics.

Part 2 of the course is on 21st February - if you are attending and would like me to cover any particular topic, let me know by the 16th and I'll try and get it included in the lecture.

Welcome to 2014

January 6, 2014

So. 2013. That was an alright year. Finished the Recognition project, finally graduated, got a 12 month fellowship, started some interesting projects, and pushed on with the new MSc with JOMEC. Professionally, not too bad at all. Personally the year wasn't bad either, what with getting engaged and finally getting the house on the market.

But now it's a new year, so it's time to push things on further. My plans so far for this year seem to be 'smash it'. There's papers to be published, data to be analysed and project proposals to write (and get funded!). Getting a permanent job would be quite nice, while I'm at it. Here's to 2014 being even more successful than last year.

Beer! Chapter Arts Centre

October 26, 2013

Hard at work! — Cardiff University School of Computer Science & Informatics

October 25, 2013

Python + OAuth

October 25, 2013

As part of a current project I had the misfortune of having to to deal with a bunch of OAuth authenticated web services using a command line script in Python. Usually this isn't really a problem as most decent client libraries for services such as Twitter or Foursquare can handle the authentication requests themselves, usually wrapping their own internal OAuth implementation. However, when it comes to web services that don't have existing python client libraries, you have to do the implementation yourself. Unfortunately support for OAuth in Python is a mess, so this is not the most pleasant of tasks, especially when most stackoverflow posts on the topic point to massively outdated and unmaintained Python libraries.

Fortunately after some digging around, I was able to find a nice, well maintained and fairly well documented solution: rauth, which is very clean and easy to use. As an example, I was trying to connect to the Fitbit API, and it really was as simple as following their example.

Firstly, we create an OAuth1Service:

import rauth
from _credentials import consumer_key, consumer_secret

base_url = ""
request_token_url = base_url + "/oauth/request_token"
access_token_url = base_url + "/oauth/access_token"
authorize_url = ""

fitbit = rauth.OAuth1Service(

Then we get the temporary request token credentials:

request_token, request_token_secret = fitbit.get_request_token()

print " request_token = %s" % request_token
print " request_token_secret = %s" % request_token_secret

We then ask the user to authorise our application, and give us the PIN so we can prove to the service that they authorised us:

authorize_url = fitbit.get_authorize_url(request_token)

print "Go to the following page in your browser: " + authorize_url

accepted = 'n'
while accepted.lower() == 'n':
accepted = raw_input('Have you authorized me? (y/n) ')
pin = raw_input('Enter PIN from browser ')

Finally, we can create an authenticated session and access user data from the service:

session = fitbit.get_auth_session(request_token,
data={'oauth_verifier': pin})

print ""
print " access_token = %s" % session.access_token
print " access_token_secret = %s" % session.access_token_secret
print ""

url = base_url + "/1/" + "user/-/profile.json"

r = session.get(url, params={}, header_auth=True)
print r.json()

It really is that easy to perform a 3-legged OAuth authentication on the command line. If you're only interested in data from 1 user, and you want to run the app multiple times, once you have the access token and secret, there's nothing to stop you just storing those and re-creating your session each time without having to re-authenticate (assuming the service does not expire access tokens):

base_url = ""
api_version = "1/"
token = (fitbit_oauth_token, fitbit_oauth_secret)
consumer = (fitbit_consumer_key, fitbit_consumer_secret)

session = rauth.OAuth1Session(consumer[0], consumer[1], token[0], token[1])
url = base_url + api_version + "user/-/profile.json"
r = session.get(url, params={}, header_auth=True)
print r.json()

So there we have it. Simple OAuth authentication on the command line, in Python. As always, the code is available on github if you're interested.